Even after the outbreak of coronavirus in the country, the virus is alive in the stool of patients. Live or active COVID-19 virus is present in sewer lines around the home or hospital. INSACOG is monitoring the presence of the virus by taking sewer samples from 19 cities in 15 states. National Technical Advisory Group Chairman Dr. N.K. Arora said that the decision to increase sewer surveillance has been taken in view of the corona infection.
Apart from Mumbai, it has been confirmed in Karnataka, Gujarat and Telangana.
This responsibility has been assigned to INSACOG’s research centers in major cities. Scientists from CCMB, Hyderabad have identified corona virus in sewer line for the first time in the country.
When the lockdown was announced in the year 2020, it was investigated by the scientists of CCMB in Hyderabad, Telangana. Later, live or active viruses were also identified in the Sabarmati River in Karnataka, Mumbai and Gujarat. That is why INSAC now considers sewer monitoring important for the identification of different types of corona virus.
Active virus was found in 62% of the samples
A recent study by the Pune-based National Institute of Virology found that after collecting the virus from the faeces of 280 patients, when their genomes were sorted, 62 percent were found to be active.
Report submitted to the Center: The NIV has submitted a report to the Union Health Ministry, in which scientists have advised to increase surveillance of sewer lines state-wise. Based on the report, the government decided to work with states to do sample genome sequencing from sewage water.
Identifying sewer viruses is easy: NIV’s senior scientist Dr. Pragya Yadav says that different types of viruses present in the surrounding area can be detected by examining dirty water samples and genome sequencing. Epidemiology also favors sewer surveillance for such infectious diseases. He said the virus is affecting different parts of the body. So far, corona virus has been found in the intestines of many patients in the country or in the cells attached to it.