These are the 5 most dangerous diseases of the world, know how to avoid them
Today is World Health Day and today we tell you how you can keep yourself healthy and happy. World Health Day is celebrated by WHO (World Health Organization) to raise awareness for better health. Let us tell you that in 1948, WHO organized the first World Health Assembly. Since 1950, the Assembly has decided to observe 7 April every year as World Health Day. To be health conscious, it is important that we know about the diseases that are affecting the most people across the world. According to WHO, these are the 5 deadliest diseases in the world, causing the highest number of deaths every year.
Coronary Artery Disease (Hrheart disease)
Currently, the world’s deadliest disease is coronary artery disease (CAD), which killed 8.8 million people worldwide in 2015. The disease is responsible for 15.5 percent of deaths worldwide. The death toll from the disease increased from 6 million in 2000 to 88 million in 2015. CAD is a condition in which the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart become narrow, which can cause problems such as chest pain and heart failure.
CAD-related risk factors
Regular exercise, Balanced weight, Balanced diet, Eat more fruits and vegetables, Avoid smoking, Consume moderate amounts of alcohol
Stroke is the second deadliest disease, accounting for 6.2 million deaths in 2015 and 11.1 percent of deaths worldwide. Stroke occurs when an artery to the brain becomes blocked or leaks. In this condition, the brain cells do not get oxygen and within a few minutes the patient becomes brain dead. During a stroke, the patient suddenly becomes unconscious, has difficulty seeing and walking.
High BP, Family history of stroke, Smoking (higher risk when taking birth control pills together), Higher risk in women
Make lifestyle changes, keep BP under control, exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet.
lower respiratory infection
In 2015, respiratory infections killed 3.2 million people and accounted for 5.7 percent of all deaths worldwide. However, there has been a decrease in the cases of this disease compared to the year 200. In the year 2000, where 34 lakh people died due to respiratory infections, in 2015 this number came down to 32 lakh. Lower respiratory infections affect our body’s airways and lungs, causing the flu, pneumonia, bronchitis and tuberculosis.
flu, poor air quality, smoking, poor immunity, asthma, HIV
Get a flu vaccine every year, wash your hands regularly with soap and water (especially before meals), rest at home if infected.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
It is a chronic lung disease that causes difficulty in breathing. There are 2 types of COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In 2004, 64.1 million people worldwide were living with COPD, while in 2015, about 3.1 million people died from the disease. In 2015, the disease killed 5.6 percent of the world’s population.
If you are an active and passive smoker, lung inflammation due to chemical fumes, family history, childhood respiratory infections.
COPD cannot be completely eliminated, only medicines can reduce it, avoid active and passive smoking, if there is any problem with the lungs, see a doctor immediately.
There are 2 main causes of bronchial cancer including trachea, larynx, trachea and lung cancer. First, inhalation of smoke or fumes from other people’s smoke and second, toxic particles present in the atmosphere. According to a 2015 study, 4 million people worldwide die from respiratory cancer every year. Its numbers are increasing continuously in developing countries due to pollution and smoking.
Although anyone can get respiratory cancer, smokers and tobacco users are at higher risk due to family history and the environment.
Avoid dust, smoke and tobacco to prevent lung cancer.