Technical information The function of the kidney is to remove bad substances from the body. In addition to viruses and bacteria, protein and sugar are excreted in the urine. That’s why worried doctors often do urine tests. However, the color, smell and flow of urine provide information about diseases. The color of urine is usually yellow. This is due to the pigment, also known as urochrome or urobilin. Thus, self-diagnosis based on this information can be avoided. It is important to consult a doctor immediately if there is any change in the type of urine.
Urine color information:
Clear urine: When there is sufficient amount of water in the body, the urine becomes clear. Diuretics also clear urine.
Dark Yellow: Dark yellow urine is a sign of dehydration. Against this, more and more water should be drunk.
Red: This type of colored urine comes from beetroot, turnip, Aryan supplement or food coloring.
Green or blue: Green and blue urine is caused by certain medicines, food coloring and urinary tract infections.
Brown or black: A rare genetic disorder caused by alkaptonuria that causes urine to turn brown or black.
Blood red: This is a sign of blood in the urine. Urinary tract infections are caused by kidney stones or cancer.
Shows Odor Disease: Urine has a pungent odor due to dehydration. A deficiency like garlic can also cause this. Urinary tract infections, liver disease or metabolic disorders can change the smell of urine. Black urine disease, also known as alkaptonuria, is a rare condition where the body cannot process certain amino acids.
Frequent urination is a sign of these things. Which signifies enlarged bladder inflammation, overactive bladder, diabetes and prostate. Urinary incontinence is caused by dehydration, urinary tract infection or blockage, side effects of medication, and kidney disease. Some drugs, including propofol, tegamet, methylene blue, amitriptyline, and indusine, are known for their green colored urine.
A rare hereditary condition that increases calcium levels and can cause blue urine, more commonly known as “blue diaper syndrome”. Macroid, Flagyl and Roboxin are all drugs known to cause black urine. The salt thickened sorbitol can also darken urine. Iron injections used to treat some types of anemia can also result in dark urine.
Very small amounts of blood can change the color of the urine, but blood in the urine can also be a sign of a significant problem with the area of the urinary tract. Foamy urine can also be a sign of increased protein in the urine – which can be a sign of kidney problems.
The main reason for blood in urine is menstruation, medical treatment. The color of urine can vary from blood pink to dark red. Purple urine occurs only if the patient has highly alkaline urine and catheters. The urine doesn’t actually change color, it just appears purple in the collecting bag and if the catheter and the collecting bag are replaced, the urine appears in its normal color again.
Information about the smell of urine: There are many reasons for the bad smell of urine. Dehydration makes urine stronger, which can increase the odor. Certain foods, such as asparagus, cause urine to smell. Sweet smell can indicate diabetes. Strong-smelling urine is often the result of liver disease or liver failure. Bad-smelling urine is usually associated with the presence of a urinary tract infection.