Shocking report of WHO: 99% of the world’s population is breathing polluted air, India is far ahead in this matter
Of the more than 797 million people on Earth, 99 percent do not breathe fresh air. This claim has been made by the World Health Organization (WHO). The agency said it came up with the results after conducting air quality tests in more than 6,000 cities in 117 countries around the world. Particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are the biggest problems around the world. This problem is most prevalent in middle- and low-income countries.
This is very frightening, because if the air continues to be toxic like this, then in a few years man will have to walk around wearing a chemical mask that cleans the air. The United Nations (UN) health agency says that the use of fossil fuels, smoke and heat are the main causes of polluted air. Due to which people are having trouble breathing. Millions and millions of people die prematurely. which can be stopped.
Six months ago, the WHO issued new and stricter guidelines on air quality around the world. Even after this the situation remains the same. The World Health Organization said the city is not the only city included in our study. We have also studied villages and towns. Now even small towns and villages are blowing air worse than the air quality standards. People are forced to breathe this air. Particulate matter (PM) is dissolving in the lungs like toxins.
The worst-case scenario is in the Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asian countries and Africa. That is, this problem is very much in countries like India, China. Dr. Maria Neera, head of the WHO’s environment department, said that 70 lakh people who die every year due to dirty air after suffering corona cannot be tolerated. We can prevent his death.
Dr. Maria said that only dirty air does not affect health. Which affects the work of the people. Which in turn affects many of their organizations. It also causes financial loss. This study specifically examines the levels of PM2.5 and PM10. In addition, nitrogen dioxide has been tested at ground level for the first time. Earlier such a study had come in the year 2018.
Nitrogen dioxide is typically released from fuels burned by humans. That is, by vehicles. Even in urban areas. Due to which diseases like asthma are spreading rapidly. People keep sneezing. Keep coughing. Difficulty breathing. The highest levels are in the countries around the eastern Mediterranean.
There can be many reasons for the formation of particulate matter (PM). For example, due to pollution from traffic, power plants, agriculture, waste burning or industries. Apart from this, the dust of the desert flies naturally. This problem is biggest in developing countries. According to the WHO report, the level of PM10 in India is very high. Whereas in China the level of PM2.5 is well above the danger mark.
The WHO said that PM 2.5 is a tiny particle that can penetrate deep into your lungs. They can enter your bloodstream. This can lead to heart or brain diseases. You may have a heart attack. Or even brain stroke. Or asthma or diseases like that. There is continuous evidence that diseases are increasing due to dust. People get killed.
Delhi-based Center for Science and Environment (CSE) air pollution expert Anumita Roychowdhury said the study showed that we have to make major changes to fight air pollution. India and the world have to move towards electric vehicles. The use of fossil fuels i.e. petrol, diesel and gas will have to be reduced. We have to move towards green energy. Garbage should be disposed of properly.
Tanushree Ganguly of the Delhi-based think-tank The Council on Energy, Environment and Water said the study found that 60 per cent of PM2.5 emissions in India come from households and industries. The burning of emissions from industries, vehicles, biomass and household energy should be stopped. have to reduce. We have to decide how to increase the use of clean energy. First of all the industry needs to change.