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International Day of Human Space Flight 2022: Know the date, history and significance of this day

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International Day of Human Space Flight 2022: This day is celebrated every year on 12 April to celebrate the first manned space flight.

International Day of Human Space Flight is observed every year on 12 April. The day is dedicated to celebrate the beginning of the space age for mankind and to reaffirm the significant contribution of space science and technology.

History of International Day of Human Space Flight:

On April 12, 1961, Soviet citizen Yuri Gagary launched the first manned spaceflight. On mission Vostok 1, Yuri Gagarin completed an orbit around Earth in 108 minutes aboard the Vostok 3KA spacecraft, which was launched on a Vostok-K rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, USSR. On 7 April 2011, the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution declared 12 April as the International Day of Manned Space Flight. April 12 is celebrated as Cosmonautics Day in the Soviet Union. Yuri’s Night, also known as the World’s Space Party, is held every 12 April to celebrate landmarks in space exploration.

Significance of International Day of Human Space Flight:

The United Nations recognizes that outer space has added a new dimension to the existence of humanity and is constantly striving to harness the unique benefits of outer space for the betterment of mankind as a whole.

Human achievements in outer space:

October 4, 1957: The first man-made Earth satellite, Sputnik, was launched into outer space. This paved the way for space exploration for humans.

April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit the Earth. It opened a new page of human endeavor in outer space.

16 June 1963: Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman to orbit the Earth.

July 20, 1969: Neil Armstrong became the first man to step on the surface of the Moon in the Apollo 11 mission. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on their Apollo Lunar Module on July 20, 1969 and walked on the lunar surface, while Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit in the Command and Service Module.

July 17, 1975: Apollo and Soyuz became the first international manned missions to space.

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