How does the Parliament of Pakistan work? How different is India’s political system? Know
The parliaments of India and Pakistan are almost identical. Indian Parliament also has two houses and Pakistan’s parliament also has two houses. The term of the members of the lower house is 5 years and that of the members of the upper house is 6 years.
India and Pakistan are two different countries. There was only one. After partition in 1947, Pakistan was formed. India was ruled by the British, so when India had its own constitution, it also had a glimpse of the laws made by the British. Something similar happened in Pakistan. Most of the laws are the same in both India and Pakistan.
As far as the Parliament is concerned, there is not much difference in the functioning of the Parliaments of the two countries. No-confidence motion was brought against Prime Minister Imran Khan in Pakistan. If it had passed, Imran’s government would have fallen. The same happens in India as well. The opposition comes with a no-confidence motion and the government falls when it is passed.
The parliaments of India and Pakistan are almost identical. However, there are several factors that differentiate the political systems of the two countries. Do you know that India and Pakistan have different parliaments?
1. What is the Parliament called?
Like India, Pakistan also has two houses of parliament. The Parliament of India is called the Parliament, while the Parliament of Pakistan is called the Majlis-e-Shura.
The lower house of the Indian Parliament is called the Lok Sabha and the upper house is called the Rajya Sabha. At the same time, the lower house of Pakistan is called the National Assembly and the upper house is called the Senate. National Assembly in Urdu to National Assembly and Senate to Ivan-It is called A-Bala.
2. How many seats are there in the Parliament?
There are 545 Lok Sabha seats in India, in which nominations are being made for two seats. There are 250 seats in the Rajya Sabha, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President.
At the same time, Pakistan has 342 seats in the lower house, National Assembly and 104 seats in the upper house Senate.
3. How are the members elected?
Elections are held in all 543 Lok Sabha seats in India. Lok Sabha MPs are elected by the people. Whereas, Rajya Sabha MPs are elected by the legislators of the states.
There are direct elections in 272 out of 342 seats in Pakistan. The remaining 70 seats are elected by proportional representation. The party which will get more seats in 272 seats will get more seats in these 70 seats.
Pakistan’s Senate elections are held in the same way as Rajya Sabha elections. Here every provincial assembly i.e. Vidhan Sabha elects 23-23 members. The term of the members of the Senate is 6 years and that of the members of the National Assembly is 5 years.
4. How is the Prime Minister elected?
In India, the political party forwards the name of the leader for the prime ministerial candidate on its behalf. If the party gets a majority in the general election, it becomes the Prime Minister. But if the majority is not found, then a coalition government will have to be formed.
Something similar happens in Pakistan. Political parties in Pakistan are also competing for the post of PM. But like India, Pakistan also has to prove its majority first. That is, after the election, the candidate has to show majority in the house.
For example, in the 2019 elections, BJP got a majority and Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister for the second time. Similarly general elections were held in Pakistan in 2018. Imran Khan’s party got 155 seats. After this Imran showed majority in the house. He got 176 votes. After this Imran became the Prime Minister.