Big question for scientists: Will there ever be a ‘cure’ for women’s periods?
In simple scientific language, what man is is an animal. Whose woman means women have periods. However, most female organisms in the animal kingdom do not have a natural process like periods. So why is this with women? During periods, they have to face problems like pain, fatigue and mood swings.
Hilary Critchley, a gynecologist and professor at the University of Edinburgh, says that if a woman does not have a disease called endometriosis or adenomyosis, then her life will be troubled during periods. 70% of girls under the age of 25 go through a state of pain, fatigue and sudden changes in mood. While 30 percent of girls in the same age group face the problem of excessive bleeding. It is also the leading cause of iron deficiency in women globally.
Because of cultural beliefs and traditions, there is no cure for this pain, says Dharani Hapanangma, a gynecological surgeon at the University of Liverpool. The first human generation spent most of their time in pregnancy and malnutrition. That’s why they had less problems with periods. Bicycles were rare. But now 30,000 women in England and Wales have to undergo uterine surgery every year due to excessive bleeding. Further treatments include pain relievers, blood clotting agents, and hormonal contraceptives. Some periods are off and some are short. But it also has side effects.
Günter Wagner, who studies the development of menstruation at Yale University, says it is one of the world’s biggest problems, which is directly related to women. But even after 30 years of continuous study, there is still no permanent cure. Günter says there is a national body for every part of the human body in the world, but no body for the female reproductive tract. The symptoms associated with menstruation may not be life-threatening but they are life-changing. Change the mindset of women. Therefore they should be given priority.
According to biology, menstruation is a strange process. Biology does not consider this to be natural because most animals do not have this process. This is the reason that even scientists do not know much about it. But we know that menstruation is a process that happens every month in preparation for conception. which is driven by hormones. The science is that when a fertilized egg, or embryo, grows inside the uterus, a layer of cells is formed, called the endometrium. Inside, the embryo develops. If the egg is not fertilized, this endometrium ruptures, it comes out along with the blood in the form of menstruation. These are called periods.
In most mammals, a period-like process begins when the embryo is formed. Apart from humans, there are some organisms that need periods. Such as primates, species of monkeys, bats and elephants. He is neither an elephant nor a sly. It is generally believed that dogs do not have periods, but they bleed from the vagina, not the fetus. Actually, apart from humans, monkeys are the only animals with which periods are directly related. It is not related to any living thing that exists in the rest of the world. But the surprising thing is that menstruation has developed many times. But there is no explanation yet.
In 2016, the matter was hotly debated among scientists, while another animal joined the menstrual club. This animal is a spiny mouse. It is scientifically called Acomys cahirinus. It has great natural potential. He heals his wounds very quickly. Like bats or lizards do. These rats also have periods.
Monash University reproductive biologist Peter Temple-Smith said the mice were not expected to be menstruating. Peter’s student Nadia Belofer discovered the mouse period. During the study, Nadia noticed fluid coming out of the rat’s genitals, which sometimes turned red. When examined, it was found that the menstrual cycle of this rat is similar to that of female menstruation. Their menstrual cycle is about the same percentage as that of humans. After this it also goes into a state like menopause. Sometimes they have pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS is very common in humans. This fatigue causes mood swings, whether eating or not eating. The same happens with rats.
Peter says this means that if women want to get rid of the problem of periods, they will first have to experiment with prickly rats. Because this rat may be the best practical example of human menstruation. Some people have already found a way to remove the uterus. Some people were injecting progesterone and estrogen. But it is not a permanent and natural way.